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1820 Census Findings

Free Download:  Blank 1820 Census Form needed to record your ancestors in the 1820 census.

What information can be found in the 4th Federal Census of the United States?

Questions Asked on the 1820 Census

  • Name of the head of each household.

  • How many free white males under age 10

  • How many free white males over 10 and under 16.

  • How many free white males between age 16 and 18.

  • How many free white males over 16 and under 26.

  • How many free white males over 26 and under 45.

  • How many free white males over age 45.

  • How many free white females under age 10.

  • How many free white females over 10 and under 16.

  • How many free white females over 16 and under 26.

  • How many free white females over 26 and under 45.

  • How many free white females over age 45,

  • How many other free persons except Indians.

  • How many Slaves.

  • How many persons not naturalized.

  • How many persons engaged in agriculture, commercial or manufacture.

  • How many colored persons (sometimes broken down in age categories.)

As in the earlier censuses, the 1820 census still lists only the head of household by name.  The rest of the family members are broken down by age groups as in the 1810 census, however a new age group was added: Free white males between age 16 and 18.  This question was asked because the government wanted this information for military purposes.  This information can become useful to further break down the age groups of male family members.  Another clue on this census is the Naturalizations Column.  The naturalization status can prove helpful in determining how long the person has resided in the United States and can bear looking into finding naturalization papers in a local court.

Good Sense Census Tip:  Be careful of the age groups on this census.  One pitfall many researchers make with this census is to count the males between 16 and 18 twice as family members, thereby inflating the number of family members.  You need to realize the men between age 16 and 18 are listed in the count twice.  This means when you add the total number of family members, do not add in the number for the age group 16-18.

1820 Census Records Online at Ancestry - Learn about the 1820 Census Records & how to access the census index and images.

Free Download: 1820 Census Form for recording 1820 census data.

Which States Were Included in 1820 Census Records? (23 states)

Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Mississippi, New Hampshire, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Vermont, and Virginia.


Where Can 1820 US Census Data be found?

1. Census Finder Census Directory - This is our own directory of free census records which can be found online.  Our directory is categorized by state and county and we have attempted to list every census index, census transcription, and even census images which can be found online. 

To access the directory, Choose a State: Alabama Census, Alaska Census, Arizona Census, Arkansas Census, California Census, Colorado Census, Connecticut Census, Delaware Census, District of Columbia Census, Florida Census, Georgia Census, Hawaii Census, Idaho Census, Illinois Census, Indiana Census, Iowa Census, Kansas Census, Kentucky Census, Louisiana Census, Maine Census, Maryland CensusMassachusetts Census, Michigan Census, Minnesota Census, Mississippi Census, Missouri Census, Montana Census, Nebraska Census, Nevada Census, New Hampshire Census, New Jersey Census, New Mexico Census, New York Census, North Carolina Census, North Dakota Census, Ohio Census, Oklahoma Census, Oregon Census, Pennsylvania Census, Rhode Island Census, South Carolina Census, South Dakota Census, Tennessee Census, Texas Census, Utah Census, Vermont Census, Virginia Census, Washington Census, West Virginia Census, Wisconsin Census, Wyoming Census


2. Ancestry.com Census Records   Ancestry.com has completed the database of all US census records 1790-1940.  This is the greatest tool for genealogy research in the United States to be found online and it does include the entire collection of 1820 census records enumerated in the United States.  While it is a paid subscription, it is well worth the money and they have so many more genealogy records in their databases.


3. National Archives and Records Administration (NARA)  The archives maintained by the Federal US Government contains all United States Federal census records on microfilm.  They are in the process of placing their census collections online.  On their site, you will find an online catalog of available microfilm and a lot of useful information about what is available for census research.  See Clues in Census Records 1790-1840.


4. FamilySearch.org The LDS (Latter Day Saints) Library in Salt Lake City also maintains the entire set of US Federal census microfilm and these can also be found or ordered for a fee at Family History Libraries located throughout the United States.  You can search for a Family History Library near you using this search The LDS Church is also putting many census records and genealogical indexes online and these can be accessed on their site.  Search at FamilySearch.org at Discover Your Family History and you may also view the entire list of LDS online records here.


5. Local libraries will often have history and genealogy departments with a (usually incomplete) collection of microfilm available for research and sometimes they will offer their patrons online subscriptions which can be accessed while at the library.


What questions were asked on the US Census?

Choose a year: 1790 Census Questions, 1800 Census Questions, 1810 Census Questions, 1820 Census Questions, 1830 Census Questions, 1840 Census Questions, 1850 Census Questions, 1860 Census Questions, 1870 Census Questions, 1880 Census Questions, 1890 Census Questions, 1900 Census Questions, 1910 Census Questions, 1920 Census Questions, 1930 Census Questions, 1940 Census Questions

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