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1870 Census Findings

Free Download:  Blank 1870 Census Form needed to record your ancestors in the 1870 census.

What information can be found in the 9th Federal Census of the United States?

Questions Asked on the 1870 Census

  • Name, age, sex and color of every person in the household.

  • Occupation of each male.

  • Occupation of each female.

  • Value of real estate owned.

  • Value of personal property owned.

  • Place of birth of each person.

  • Was the person married within the year.

  • Whether or not parents are of foreign birth.

  • If a person was born within the year, the month of birth was given.

  • If a person was married within the year, the month of marriage was given.

  • Did the person attend school within the year.

  • Can the person read and write.

  • Is the person deaf, dumb, blind, insane, or idiotic.

  • Is the person a male citizen over 21.

  • Is the person a male citizen over 21 who cannot vote.

Good Sense Census Tip:  The 1870 census asked if the parents were of foreign birth which is a great help in finding immigrant ancestors and opens up the possibility of locating naturalization records when they become naturalized.  Mortality schedules were part of this census.  Names of people who died in the year previous to the census were listed in these special mortality schedules along with the cause of death.

1870 Census Records Online at Ancestry - Learn about the 1870 Census Records & how to access the census index and images.

Free Download: 1870 Census Form - Handy blank census forms to record your 1870 census data.

Which States Were Included in 1870 Census Records? (48 states)

Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin and Wyoming.


Where Can 1870 US Census Data be found?

1. Census Finder Census Directory - This is our own directory of free census records which can be found online.  Our directory is categorized by state and county and we have attempted to list every census index, census transcription, and even census images which can be found online. 

To access the directory, Choose a State: Alabama Census, Alaska Census, Arizona Census, Arkansas Census, California Census, Colorado Census, Connecticut Census, Delaware Census, District of Columbia Census, Florida Census, Georgia Census, Hawaii Census, Idaho Census, Illinois Census, Indiana Census, Iowa Census, Kansas Census, Kentucky Census, Louisiana Census, Maine Census, Maryland CensusMassachusetts Census, Michigan Census, Minnesota Census, Mississippi Census, Missouri Census, Montana Census, Nebraska Census, Nevada Census, New Hampshire Census, New Jersey Census, New Mexico Census, New York Census, North Carolina Census, North Dakota Census, Ohio Census, Oklahoma Census, Oregon Census, Pennsylvania Census, Rhode Island Census, South Carolina Census, South Dakota Census, Tennessee Census, Texas Census, Utah Census, Vermont Census, Virginia Census, Washington Census, West Virginia Census, Wisconsin Census, Wyoming Census


2. Ancestry.com Census Records   Ancestry.com has completed the database of all US census records 1790-1940.  This is the greatest tool for genealogy research in the United States to be found online and it does include the entire collection of 1870 census records enumerated in the United States.  While it is a paid subscription, it is well worth the money and they have so many more genealogy records in their databases.


3. National Archives and Records Administration (NARA)  The archives maintained by the Federal US Government contains all United States Federal census records on microfilm.  They are in the process of placing their census collections online.  On their site, you will find an online catalog of available microfilm and a lot of useful information about what is available for census research.  See Clues in Census Records 1850-1930.


4. FamilySearch.org The LDS (Latter Day Saints) Library in Salt Lake City also maintains the entire set of US Federal census microfilm and these can also be found or ordered for a fee at Family History Libraries located throughout the United States.  You can search for a Family History Library near you using this search The LDS Church is also putting many census records and genealogical indexes online and these can be accessed on their site.  Search at FamilySearch.org at Discover Your Family History and you may also view the entire list of LDS online records here.


5. Local libraries will often have history and genealogy departments with a (usually incomplete) collection of microfilm available for research and sometimes they will offer their patrons online subscriptions which can be accessed while at the library.


What questions were asked on the US Census?

Choose a year: 1790 Census Questions, 1800 Census Questions, 1810 Census Questions, 1820 Census Questions, 1830 Census Questions, 1840 Census Questions, 1850 Census Questions, 1860 Census Questions, 1870 Census Questions, 1880 Census Questions, 1890 Census Questions, 1900 Census Questions, 1910 Census Questions, 1920 Census Questions, 1930 Census Questions, 1940 Census Questions

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