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1890 Census Findings

Free Downloads:  Blank 1890 US Census Form & Blank 1890 Veterans and Widows Census Form needed to record your ancestors in the 1890 census.

What information can be found in the 11th Federal Census of the United States?

Questions Asked on the 1890 Census

The 1890 Federal Census was formatted differently than the earlier censuses.  It featured a census form for each family.


Family Schedule -- 1 TO 10 Persons.

Supervisor's District No. ________

Enumeration District No. _______

Name of city, town, township, precinct, district, beat, or other minor civil division. }________  County: ________ State: ________

Street and No.: ________________________________________________________________________ Ward: ________ Name of Institution: ________

Enumerated by me on the ________ day of June, 1890

A -- Number of Dwelling-house in the order of visitation.

B -- Number of families in this dwelling-house.

C -- Number of persons in this dwelling-house.

D -- Number of Family in the order of visitation.

E -- No. of Persons in this family.


Column  1: Christian name in full, and initial of middle name.


Column  2: Whether a soldier, sailor, or marine during the civil war (U.S. or Conf), or widow of such person.

Column  3: Relationship to the head of family.

Column  4: Whether white, black, mulatto, quadroon, octoroon, Chinese, Japanese or Indian.

Column  5: Sex.

Column  6: Age at nearest birthday.  If under one year, give age in months.

Column  7: Whether single, married, widowed, or divorced.

Column  8: Whether married during the census year (June 1, 1889, to May 31, 1890.

Column  9: Mother of how many children, and number of these children living.

Column 10: Place of birth.

Column 11: Place of birth of Father.

Column 12: Place of birth of Mother.

Column 13: Number of years in the United States.

Column 14: Whether naturalized.

Column 15: Whether naturalization papers have been taken out.

Column 16: Profession, trade or occupation.

Column 17: Months unemployed during the census year, (June 1, 1889, to May 31, 1890).

Column 18: Attendance at school (in months) during the census year (June 1, 1889 to May 31, 1890).

Column 19: Able to Read.

Column 20: Able to Write.

Column 21: Able to speak English.  If not, the language or dialect spoken.

Column 22: Whether suffering from acute or chronic disease, with name of disease and length of time afflicted.

Column 23: Whether defective in mind, sight, hearing, or speech, or whether crippled, maimed, or deformed, with name of defect.

Column 24: Whether a prisoner, convict, homeless child, or pauper.

Column 25: Supplemental schedule and page.

Column 26: Is the home you live in hired, or is it owned by head or by a member of the family?

Column 27: If owned by head or member of the family, is the home free from mortgage incumbrance?

Column 28: If the head of family is a farmer, is the farm which he cultivates hired, or is it owned by him or by a member of his family?

Column 29: If owned by head or member of family, is the farm free from mortgage incumbrance?

Column 30: If the home or farm is owned by head or member of family, and mortgaged, give the post-office address of owner.


Good Sense Census Tips:

The 1890 census was mostly destroyed in a 1921 warehouse fire.  Small fragments of the 1890 census survived and comprises less than 1% of the original schedules.  Keep in mind that even the remaining census fragments do not contain complete counties, townships or districts.  The loss of these census records has put a real kink in genealogy research during this time period, particularly when people seem to have begun moving around a lot more.  It is much harder to pick up the trail of our ancestors when there is a 20 year gap between records.  This would have been the first enumeration for Oklahoma so people with ancestry in OK will experience particular difficulty with the lost of this census.

The 1890 census schedules enumerating Union Veterans and widows of Union veterans of the Civil War did survive and is often used as a 1890 census substitute.  Although, it is most likely not helpful if your ancestor was on the Confederate side, sometimes even the Confederates were listed in error by the census taker in these schedules, so it would be wise to check these.

Please take note: Some of the 1890 Veterans & Widows census schedules were lost.  Surviving 1890 Veterans & Widows census schedules are extant for the following states:  Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma and Indian Territories, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming, Washington DC and United States Vessels and Navy Yards.

See A Fire Destroyed The 1890 Census

See Bridging the 1890 Census Gap

Search: 1890 Federal Census Fragments at Ancestry - These are the actual images of the 1890 census fragments which did survive the warehouse fire.

Free Download:  1890 Census Form to record your 1890 census data.

Search: 1890 Veterans Schedules at Ancestry - Images and Index of the 1890 Schedules of Veterans and Widows which did survive the warehouse fire.

Free Download:  1890 Veterans and Widows Census Form to record your 1890 census data from the Veterans and Widows Schedules.

See 1890 census form headers - This is what the actual form looks like that was used to record the 1900 census.

Which 1890 Census Fragments Survived the 1921 Warehouse Fire?

  • Alabama: Perry County - Perryville Beat #11 and Severe Beat #8.
  • District of Columbia: Q. Thirteenth, Fourteenth, R.Q. Corcoran, Fifteenth, S.R. and Riggs Streets, Johnson Avenue, and S. Street.
  • Georgia: Muscogee County - Columbus.
  • Illinois: McDonough County - Mound Township.
  • Minnesota: Wright County - Rockford.
  • New Jersey: Hudson County - Jersey City.
  • New York: Westchester County - Eastchester.  Suffolk County - Brookhaven Twp.
  • North Carolina: Gaston County: South Point Township and River Bend Township.  Cleveland County - Township #2.
  • Ohio: Hamilton County - Cincinnati.  Clinton County - Wayne Township.
  • South Dakota: Union County - Jefferson Township.
  • Texas: Ellis County - J.P. #6, Mountain Peak and Ovilla Precinct.  Hood County - Precinct #5.  Rusk County - Precinct #6 and J.P. #7.  Trinity County - Trinity Town, and Precinct #2.  Kaufman County - Kaufman.

Which States Were Originally Included in 1890 Census Records? (49 states)

Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma and Indian Territory, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin and Wyoming.


Where Can 1890 US Census Data be found?

1. Census Finder Census Directory - This is our own directory of free census records which can be found online.  Our directory is categorized by state and county and we have attempted to list every census index, census transcription, and even census images which can be found online. 

To access the directory, Choose a State: Alabama Census, Alaska Census, Arizona Census, Arkansas Census, California Census, Colorado Census, Connecticut Census, Delaware Census, District of Columbia Census, Florida Census, Georgia Census, Hawaii Census, Idaho Census, Illinois Census, Indiana Census, Iowa Census, Kansas Census, Kentucky Census, Louisiana Census, Maine Census, Maryland CensusMassachusetts Census, Michigan Census, Minnesota Census, Mississippi Census, Missouri Census, Montana Census, Nebraska Census, Nevada Census, New Hampshire Census, New Jersey Census, New Mexico Census, New York Census, North Carolina Census, North Dakota Census, Ohio Census, Oklahoma Census, Oregon Census, Pennsylvania Census, Rhode Island Census, South Carolina Census, South Dakota Census, Tennessee Census, Texas Census, Utah Census, Vermont Census, Virginia Census, Washington Census, West Virginia Census, Wisconsin Census, Wyoming Census


2. Ancestry.com Census Records   Ancestry.com has completed the database of all US census records 1790-1940.  This is the greatest tool for genealogy research in the United States to be found online and it does include the surviving 1890 census fragments.


3. National Archives and Records Administration (NARA)  The archives maintained by the Federal US Government contains all United States Federal census records on microfilm.  They are in the process of placing their census collections online.  On their site, you will find an online catalog of available microfilm and a lot of useful information about what is available for census research.  See Clues in Census Records 1850-1930.


4. FamilySearch.org The LDS (Latter Day Saints) Library in Salt Lake City also maintains the entire set of US Federal census microfilm and these can also be found or ordered for a fee at Family History Libraries located throughout the United States.  You can search for a Family History Library near you using this search The LDS Church is also putting many census records and genealogical indexes online and these can be accessed on their site.  Search at FamilySearch.org at Discover Your Family History and you may also view the entire list of LDS online records here.


5. Local libraries will often have history and genealogy departments with a (usually incomplete) collection of microfilm available for research and sometimes they will offer their patrons online subscriptions which can be accessed while at the library.


What questions were asked on the US Census?

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