South Dakota Census Records 7
South Dakota Census Notes
Dakota Territory Census Records: What is today known as North Dakota and South Dakota was established in 1861 as Dakota Territory. Territorial census records for Dakota Territory were enumerated in 1860, 1870, 1880 and 1885. These records include all counties in both North Dakota and South Dakota. See 1885 Special Territorial Census of South Dakota at Ancestry.
Federal South Dakota Census Records are available to the public for the following census years: 1860 Dakota Territory, 1870 Dakota Territory, 1880 Dakota Territory, 1900, 1910, 1920 & 1930. See 1790-1940 US Census Records at Ancestry.
1890 Federal South Dakota Census Records were destroyed by a 1921 warehouse fire with the exception of one family in Jefferson Township of Union County. The 1890 Veterans and Widows census schedules did survive the fire and are often used as a helpful census substitute for the lost 1890 South Dakota census records. See A Fire Destroyed The 1890 Census, Bridging the 1890 Census Gap & 1890 Veterans Schedules at Ancestry.
South Dakota State Census Records: The state of South Dakota took the first state census in 1895 and every decade thereafter. State census years include 1895, 1905, 1915, 1925, 1935 & 1945. The 1905 SD state census included land descriptions. This is helpful to the genealogist as these land descriptions can be used to locate Federal land records. See 1895 State Census of South Dakota at Ancestry & 1905-1945 SD State Census at Family Search
SD Indian Census Records: There were several early censuses of South Dakota's Indian Reservations. Many of these are available on microfilm at the Family History Library in Salt Lake City, The National Archives and in the South Dakota State Historical Society. See 1885-1940 US Indian Census Records at Ancestry & National Archives Indian Rolls Information & Guide to American Indian Research in SD.
NOTE: it is extremely important to conduct genealogy research in all counties surrounding the county or area where you have found your ancestors in South Dakota. The boundary lines of SD counties changed frequently and often times, counties were added to other counties or people in one county did business in the courthouse of another county. See South Dakota: Consolidated Chronology of State and County Boundaries.
South Dakota Census Records
On CD ROM
South Dakota Census Records &
South Dakota Vital Records
Dept. of Health
600 East Capitol
Pierre, SD 57501-2536
Phone: (605) 773-3361
TOLL FREE: 1-800-738-2301
Births, deaths, marriages and divorces from 1905 to the present are on file at the Dept. of Health in the state office and at the county level.
NOTE:Marriages before 1950 and deaths before 1960 are only available for same day issuance at the County of occurrence.
Wills and probates are on file in each county with the Clerk of the Court.
SD Vital Record Databases
Newspapers & Obituaries
South Dakota Genealogy Links
SD Native American Records
South Dakota Books Online
by Edward Elliott Collins 1937.
by Caleb Holt Ellis, 1909
by John B. Perkins, 1908
by O. W. Coursey 1910.
US Census Records
FREE Genealogy Tools
(Territory 1861. Statehood 1889)
Statewide South Dakota Census Records Online
Other SD Statewide Genealogy Records Used as Census Substitutes
SD Census Records Online by County
McPherson County Census Records (Formed 1873 from Buffalo County.)
1909 & 1916 Business Directory (Files of McPherson County townships, indexed by surname)
1900 Federal Census Records (Use with the above 1900 census index)
1909 & 1916 Business Directory (Files of Meade County townships, indexed by surname)
Mellette County Census Records (Formed 1909 from Jackson County, Meyer County, Washabaugh County, Pratt County and unorganized territory. In 1909, newly formed Mellette County was attached to Lyman County. In 1911, Mellette County was fully organized.)
1880 Meyer County Territorial Census (now Mellette County)
1910 Federal Census Records Transcription (Census files arranged by page number).
1909 & 1916 Business Directory (Files of Mellette County townships, indexed by surname)
1909 Business Directory (Files of Meyer County townships, indexed by surname)
1909 & 1916 Business Directory (Files of Miner County townships, indexed by surname)
Minnehaha County Census Records (Formed 1862 from unorganized Dakota Territory.)
1885 Census of Union Veterans
Surnames starting with:
1909 & 1916 Business Directory (Files of Minnehaha County townships, indexed by surname)
1909 & 1916 Business Directory (Files of Moody County townships, indexed by surname)
Nowlin County (Formed 1883 from unorganized Dakota Territory.- Extinct County) In 1890, Nowlin County was attached to Meade County. In 1893, Nowlin County was attached to Stanley County. In 1898 Nowlin County lands were given to Lyman County.
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